Dr. Silvia S. Martins is a faculty member of the Psych-Neuro cluster of the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. She is also currently the academic coordinator/ombudsman of the NIDA T32 Substance Use Disorders Training Program in the department and the Course Director of Principles of Epidemiology (P6400). Her current research focuses on environmental and individual factors associated with substance use and substance use disorders, psychiatric disorders in the U.S. general population and gambling/problem gambling in Puerto Rican Youth. She has led 5 federally funded (2 of which are active- 1R01 HD060072 and 1R01 DA037866) and 3 privately funded research studies over the past-decade. Her research portfolio has included NIDA-NIH funded studies to investigate trends in nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder in the U.S. populations and a recently-funded study to investigate the effects of state-level marijuana laws on the prevalence of marijuana use among adolescents and adults as well as other consequences potentially related to the implementation of these laws. She is also the principal investigator of a project to examine the effects of urban violence in the development of psychopathology among youth in Brazil and Chile. Dr. Martins currently collaborates with researchers in other U.S. institutions, Canada, Brazil, Lebanon, Chile, and France.
American Psychiatric Association Research Colloquium for Junior Investigators Award, 2004 & 2006
NIDA Women and Gender Junior Investigator Travel Award, 2007
Joseph Ciarrocchi Recognition Award from the Maryland Council on Problem Gambling for pioneering efforts in research on youth problem gambling, 2011
American College of Neuropsychopharmacology Travel Awardee, 2011
Columbia President's Global Innovation Fund, 2013
Selected Editorial Boards
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Selected New York City Activities:
Predictors of Impulsive Behaviors among Puerto-Rican Youth
This study integrates a developmental model of PG, Blaszczynski and Nower's Pathways model (so far only examined cross-sectionally) with a context -and intervention-informed developmental model of other risk behaviors (Ecodevelopmental theory). We will collect new information about gambling behaviors and PG on a high-risk population of 1,100 youth/young adults from two population-based samples of Puerto Rican (ages 15-26) from two sites: the South Bronx (SBx), NYC and San Juan, Puerto Rico (PR) by taking advantage of an ongoing study, the Boricua Youth Study (BYS-R01DA033172, PI: Duarte and R01MH09837, PIs: Alegria, Canino & Duarte), which has been following Puerto Rican individuals prospectively since 2001. This project is funded by the National Institutes of Health, National institute of Child and Human Development-1R01 HD060072.
Selected Global Activities:
URBANICITY, CHILDHOOD TRAUMA AND ADOLESCENT COMORBID PSYCHOPATHOLOGY IN BRAZIL AND CHILE
This project aims to build capacity among Brazilian and Chilean epidemiology and child psychiatry researchers to conduct epidemiological longitudinal studies to identify potentially modifiable risk factors for the development of psychiatric co-morbidity (including substance use) from childhood to adolescence, focusing on the central role of traumatic events experienced in childhood among an urban population.
CITIES AND MENTAL HEALTH: EXAMINING SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF MENTAL DISORDERS IN LARGE URBAN AREAS IN A MULTICENTRIC ANALYSIS OF THE WORLD MENTAL HEALTH SURVEY INITIATIVE
This project aims to identify and analyze the social determinants of mental disorders in the ten megacities (cities with more than 10 million inhabitants) of the World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI): New York City, Los Angeles, Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen, Lagos, Mexico City, Paris, Buenos Aires and SÃ£o Paulo, totaling around 20,000 individuals (an average of 2,000 per megacity), representing a reasonably well-distributed sample from low (Nigeria and China), medium (Brazil, Argentina and Mexico) and high (United States and France) income countries.