and: Director, Columbia Climate and Health Program
Dr. Patrick Kinney's teaching and research address issues at the intersection of global environmental change, human health, and policy, with an emphasis on the public health impacts of climate change and air pollution. His work in the 1990s on air quality and environmental justice in Northern Manhattan and the South Bronx led to important new insights into the impacts of diesel vehicle emissions on local air quality. Dr. Kinney has carried out numerous studies examining the human health effects of air pollution, including studies of the effects of ozone and/or particulate matter on lung health and on daily mortality in large cities. More recently, he developed a new interdisciplinary research and teaching program at Columbia examining the potential impacts of climate change on human health. Dr. Kinney was the first to show that climate change could worsen urban smog problems in the U.S., with attendent adverse health impacts. He also has projected future health impacts related to heat waves in the NYC metropolitan area. In a new research initiative, Dr. Kinney is working with clinicians at Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital to understand how past and future climate may affect pollen-related allergic airway diseases. In early 2009 the Mailman School established a Program on Climate and Health led by Dr. Kinney. Dr. Kinney earned his doctorate at the Harvard School of Public Health, where he studied the effects of air pollution on lung function in children as part of the Harvard Six Cities Air Pollution and Health Study.
We are studying the health effects of early-life air pollution exposures in children from Northern Manhattan and the South Bronx.
Selected Global Activities:
Biomass Working Group at Columbia University
Assessing health impacts of indoor combustion of biomass fuels for cooking. Studies completed or ongoing in Kenya, Rwanda, and Ghana.
Countries: Kenya; Rwanda; Ghana
Monitoring and analysis of air and water quality indicators in seven African cities.
Kinney P, Carr JL, Ostfeld R, Sheffield P New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) 2010
92. Rao S, Chirkov V, Dentener F, Dingenen RV, Pachouri S, Purohit P, Amann M, Heyes C, Kinney P, Kolp P, Klimont Z, Riahi K, Schoepp W Environmental modeling and methods for estimation of the global health impacts of air pollution Environmental Modeling and Assessment 17 613-622 2012
Rao S, Chirkov V, Dentener F, Dingenen RV, Pachouri S, Purohit P, Amann M, Heyes C, Kinney P, Kolp P, Klimont Z, Riahi K, Schoepp W Environmental modeling and methods for estimation of the global health impacts of air pollution Environmental Modeling and Assessments. 17 613-622 2012
Mukhopadhyay R, Sambandam S, Pillarisetti A, Jack D, Mukhopadhyay K, Balakrishnan K, Vaswani M, Bates MN, Kinney PL, Arora N, & Smith, KR Cooking practices, air quality, and the acceptability of advanced cookstoves in Haryana, India: an exploratory study to inform large-scale interventions Global Health Action 5 2012
Marlier ME, DeFries RS, Voulgarakis A, Kinney PL, Randerson JT, Shindell DT, Chen Y, and Faluvegi G El Nino and health risks from landscape fire emissions in Southeast Asia Nature Climate Change 2012
Tong Z, Wang YJ, Patel M, Kinney P, Chrillrud S, Zhang KM Modeling Spatial Variations of Black Carbon Particles in an Urban Highway-Building Environment Environmental Science and Technology 46 312-319 2011
Kinney P, Sheffield P, Ostfeld RS, Carr J, Leichenko R and Vancura P Chapter 11 Public Health New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) 2011
Civerolo KL, Hogrefe C, Lynn B, Rosenzweig C, Goldberg R, Rosenthal J, Knowlton K, and Kinney PL. Simulated effects of climate change on summertime nitrogen deposition in the eastern US. Atmospheric Environment 42 2074-2082 2008
Ruth M, Donaghy K, and Kirshen P, eds Climate Change and Variability: Impacts and Responses Edward Elgar Cheltenham, UK 2006
Sheffield PE, Weinberger KR, Ito K, Matte TD, Mathes RW, Robinson GS, and Kinney PL The association of tree pollen concentration peaks and allergy medication sales in New York City: 2003-2008 ISRN Allergy 2011