Health and Urban Systems

Finding opportunities to support healthy cities must come from an understanding of the underlying systems, which are critical to their functioning. Columbia Urban Health is interested in characterizing the unique public health challenges and posing solutions to these unique urban landscapes.

ENGAGING COMMUNITY ON MOBILE ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS, AIR POLLUTION POLICY IMPACTS, AND DISSEMINATION OF CENTER FINDINGS

This program focuses on disseminating information about air pollution. More information

Professors: David Evans

Cities: New York City

 

ENDOTOXIN, OBESITY, AND ASTHMA IN NEW YORK CITY HEAD START

This study follows children in Head Start programs for 2 years to identify factors associated with asthma prevalence, persistence, incidence, and severity. 

Professors: Inge GoldsteinJudith Jacobson

Cities: New York City

 

EVALUATION OF AN EDUCATIONAL INITIATIVE TO PROMOTE SHOPPING AT FARMERS’ MARKETS AMONG WIC PARTICIPANTS IN NEW YORK CITY MARY

This study was published in the Journal of Community Health. More information

Professors: Ann Chiasson

Cities: New York 

 

HOMELESSNESS HISTORY & PRESENT

Faculty have been investigating the history, causes, and public response to homelessness, with particular emphasis on legal aspects and advocacy.

Professors: Kim Hopper

 

INJURY FREE COALITION FOR KIDS

Through education, improving the physical and social environment for children, and developing a coalition from the medical community, governmental agencies and the community parents and organizations, this coalition works to reduce injury to children and promote safe communities. More information

Professors: Barbara Barlow

Cities: See site list

 

Drug Use and Course of Homelessness among Single Adults

This 18-month follow-up study of newly homeless single adult men and women in NYC investigates the role of drug use and other factors in determining how long people remain homeless.

Professors: Carol Caton

Cities: New York

 

Obesity in Children Participating in the Public Health Solutions New York City Neighborhood WIC Program

The Public Health Solutions Research and Evaluation Unit has conducted two surveys to determine the prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors among children 2-4 years old enrolled in this WIC program which serves more than 55,000 women, infants, and children each year. The findings from these surveys are being used to age-appropriate interventions.

Professors: Mary Ann Chiasson

Cities: New York

 

An Experimental Investigation into the Impact of Socioeconomic Context on Biological Markers of Aging, Health, and Mortality

This is an anti-poverty program that looks at the effects of poverty and a program called Paycheck Plus on health. More information

Professors: Peter Muennig

Cities: Atlanta, New York  

 

Building Community and Improving Health for Reentry Populations

This is a proposal currently under development for a collaborative study with state and city criminal justice agencies and community-based providers serving formerly incarcerated individuals. It would implement a comparative effectiveness study of two well-defined models of housing and services, in comparison to customary care (public shelter) for adults returning to NYC after prison. It would also analyze the effects of different models and the program components within them on housing, health, and community integration outcomes.

Professors: Angela Aidala, Lisa Rosen-Metsch

Cities: New York

 

CBO Capacity Building for Research and Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practice

This is a research translation and capacity building project to assist community-based organizations that offer services to help improve social factors that affect health.  It is funded by the Service Employees International Union Training and Upgrading Fund and is done in collaboration with the Bronx Health Access Delivery System Reform Incentive Program.

Professors: Angela Aidala

 

Racial Disparities, Influenza Like Illness, and the Association Between Short-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Outcomes

This study aims to determine the effect racial disparities have on influenza-like illness, myocardial infarction, and stroke when taking air pollution into account.

Professors: Amelia Boehme

 

Finding Common Ground

This is a study of the impact of welfare reform on health of women and children of Washington Heights, NY.

Professors: Wendy Chavkin

 

Juvenile Justice

Faculty have been involved in research that is an ongoing natural experiment comparing the court responses, sentences, punishments and recidivism of youths in New York compared to youths in other states where the laws permit traditional juvenile justice responses to adolescent crimes.

Professors: Jefferey Fagan

 

Violence Epidemiology

As part of the Columbia Center on Youth Violence Prevention, faculty direct a violence epidemiology program that analyzes patterns and trends in youth violence. Both lethal and non-lethal violence trends are monitored. Both individual and neighborhood characteristics of violence have been analyzed. Changes in neighborhood and individual rates over time are analyzed as a function of changing social, political and economic factors.

Professors: Jefferey Fagan

 

How Do they Fare on Welfare: Single Mothers on Welfare Living in New York City

This study offered the opportunity to explore the welfare bureaucracy on the street-level from both the clients’ and the workers' side.

Professors: Helen-Maria Lekas

Cities: New York

 

Evaluation of HomeBase Program to Prevent Family Homelessness

This study is an evaluation of NYC Department of Homelessness Services' innovative community-based homelessness prevention program, HomeBase. This quasi-experiment is using administrative datasets to demonstrate that the program was effective in averting family entries into the New York City Shelter System.

Professors: Peter Messeri

Cities: New York 

 

Caloric Impact of a 16-ounce Portion Size Cap on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Served in Restaurants

This study was published in the American Journal for Clinical Nutrition. More information

Professors: Y. Claire Wang

Cities: New York 

 

Impact of Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

The report discusses sugar-sweetened beverages, their health effects, and the impact of taxes on changing behavior. More information

Professors: Y. Claire Wang

Cities: New York 

 

Why the Neighborhood Social Environment is Critical in Obesity Prevention

This study was published in the Journal of Urban Health. More information

Professors: Y. Claire Wang, Andrew Rundle and others 

 

NYC Project LAUNCH

Project LAUNCH is a program funded by the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration that aims to promote the wellness of at-risk young children birth to age 8. Project LAUNCH uses a public health approach and focuses on improving the systems that serve young children. More information

Professors: Yumiko Aratani

Cities: New York