Disease Risks in Cities

Living in an urban environment may have a distinct impact on disease risk, as well as provide unique opportunities for interventions. Columbia Urban Heath researchers are exploring a breadth of health issues in order to understand disease mechanisms in an urban context.

ENDOTOXIN, OBESITY, AND ASTHMA IN NEW YORK CITY HEAD START

This study follows children in Head Start programs for 2 years to identify factors associated with asthma prevalence, persistence, incidence, and severity. 

Professors: Inge GoldsteinJudith Jacobson

Cities: New York City

 

DRUG USE AND COURSE OF HOMELESSNESS AMONG SINGLE ADULTS

This 18-month follow-up study of newly homeless single adult men and women in NYC investigates the role of drug use and other factors in determining how long people remain homeless.

Professors: Carol Caton

Cities: New York

 

OBESITY IN CHILDREN PARTICIPATING IN THE PUBLIC HEALTH SOLUTIONS NEW YORK CITY NEIGHBORHOOD WIC PROGRAM

The Public Health Solutions Research and Evaluation Unit has conducted two surveys to determine the prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors among children 2-4 years old enrolled in this WIC program which serves more than 55,000 women, infants, and children each year. The findings from these surveys are being used to age-appropriate interventions.

Professors: Mary Ann Chiasson

Cities: New York

 

AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION INTO THE IMPACT OF SOCIOECONOMIC CONTEXT ON BIOLOGICAL MARKERS OF AGING, HEALTH, AND MORTALITY

This is an anti-poverty program that looks at the effects of poverty and a program called Paycheck Plus on health. More information

Professors: Peter Muennig

Cities: Atlanta, New York  

 

Service Needs in Early Psychosis and Drug Use

The study is designed to gain a greater understanding of the onset, course, and outcome of psychosis and substance use comorbidity, a condition that has grown more common with the widespread availability of substances of abuse in NYC and across the nation.

Professors: Carol Caton

 

Reducing unsafe drinking in HIV primary care

This research group is conducting NIH-funded randomized clinical trials of brief behavioral interventions that employ interactive voice response and smartphone technology to engage patients in brief daily self-monitoring and periodic receipt of personalized feedback. More information

Professors: Deborah Hasin

 

Bowel Preparation Quality Among Patients Navigated to Colonoscopy

This study seeks to examine the city-wide colonoscopy navigation program to evaluate the impact of poor bowel preparation, characterize those at greatest risk for poor bowel preparation, and elucidate the predictors of poor bowel preparation

Professors: Grace Hillyer

 

Breast Cancer Care Timelines

Working in collaboration with The NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, the Fund for Public Health in New York, and two public hospitals located in NYC, this study explores timelines in breast cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment among women with breast cancer in NYC.

Professors: Grace Hillyer

 

Legacy Girls Study

Five sites of the Breast Cancer Family Registry (San Francisco Bay Area, New York, Ontario, Philadelphia and Utah) were funded by the National Cancer Institute to study the influence of behavior, environment and diet on pubertal growth in girls aged 6 to 13 years. The LEGACY Girls Study is a longitudinal cohort study following girls and their parent or guardian, contacting them every six months for information on progression of growth and development, diet and lifestyle factors. More information

Professors: Lauren Houghton

Cities: San Francisco, New York, Ontario, Philadelphia

 

Predictors of Impulsive Behaviors among Puerto-Rican Youth

This study collects information about gambling behaviors and PG in a high-risk population sampled from NYC and San Juan, Puerto Rico. More information

Professors: Silvia Martins

Cities: New York, San Juan

 

Virome of Manhattan

This is an intensive, active surveillance program for influenza and other respiratory pathogens implemented with the aim of significantly advancing understanding of transmission dynamics, documenting the genetic basis of immune response to respiratory virus infection, bettering now-casting capabilities, and improving respiratory disease model simulation and forecast

Professors: Jeffrey Shaman

Cities: New York

 

Regional Network for Mental Health Research in Latin America

The objective of this program is to improve the condition of people with mental disorders in Latin America. More information

Professors: Ezra Susser

Cities: Santiago, Chile; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Buenos Aires, Cordoba, and Neuquen, Argentina; Medellin, Colombia 

 

Residential environment and breast cancer incidence and mortality: a systematic review and meta analysis

This study, published in BMC Cancer, found that there is an association between urbanization and residential area socioeconomic environment and breast cancer incidence. More information

Professors: Parisa Tehranifar

 

Trauma, Mental Health, and Early Childhood Development

The overall aim of this proposal is to collect cross-sectional data among 1,250 4-6 year-old children attending preschool in Brazil and their caregivers. The goal is to identify potentially modifiable risk factors for the development of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology in early childhood, focusing on the central role of traumatic events experienced in early childhood among an urban population.

Professors: Silvia Martins  

Cities: Brazil

 

A Multi-Site Multi-Setting RCT of Integrated HIV Prevention and HCV Care for Persons Who Inject Drugs (PWID)

This study looks at the impact of integrating PrEP and HCV treatment. More information

Professors: Lisa Rosen-Metsch

Cities: Montreal, Miami