Articles

A selection of critical articles related to GATE program work organized by topic:

 

Menstruation & the Women and Girls' Agenda 

ARTICLES:

Sommer, M., Zulaika, G., Schmitt, M., Gruer, C. (Eds.) Monitoring Menstrual Health and Hygiene: Measuring Progress for Girls on Menstruation; Meeting Report. New York & Geneva: Columbia University and WSSCC. 2019.  

Sommer, M., Schmitt, M., Herbert, A., Gruer, C. & Phillips-Howard, P. (In Press), Neglect of menarche and menstruation in addressing child poverty and health in the USA. The Lancet, Correspondence.

Phillips-Howard, P., Hennegan, J., Weiss, H., Hyatti, L. & Sommer, M. (2018). Menstrual health as a reproductive health right. The Lancet, Correspondence 2(8), e19.

Sommer, M., Phillips-Howard, PA., Mahon, T., Zients, S. Jones, M., Caruso, BA. (2017). Beyond menstrual hygiene: addressing vaginal bleeding throughout the life course in low and middle-income countries. BMJ Global Health, 2 (2) e000405.

Hennegan, J., Torondel, B., Phillips-Howard, P., Sommer, M., & Montgomery, P. (2017). Time to talk about menstruation: A response. The Lancet, 390(10097), 845-846.

Sommer, M., Chandraratna, S., Cavill, S., Mahon, T., Phillips-Howard, P. (2016). Managing menstruation in the workplace: an overlooked issue in low- and middle-income countries. International Journal for Equity in Health, 15(1), 86.

Sommer, M., Sutherland, C. & Chandra-Mouli, V. (2015). Putting menarche and girls into the global population health agenda. Reproductive Health, 12(24). 

Sommer, M., Hirsh, J.S., Nathanson, C. & Parker, R. (2015). Comfortably, safely and without shame: Defining menstrual hygiene management as a public health issue. American Journal of Public Health, 105(7), 1302-1311. 

Sommer, M. (2013). Menarche: A missing indicator for population health in low-income countriesPublic Health Reports, 128(5), 399-401. 

Sommer, M. (2011). An Early Window of Opportunity for Promoting Girls Health: Policy Implications of the Girls Puberty Book Project in TanzaniaGlobal Journal of Health Education and Promotion, 14(1).

Sommer, M. & Santelli, J. (2010). Moving forward the girl’s agenda. Issues in Science and Technology. Commentary, Online July 2010.

Sommer, M. & Kirk, J. (2008). 'Menstruation is on her mind’: Girl-centered, holistic thinking for school sanitation. WASH in Schools Notes and News, International Water and Sanitation Centre, pp. 4-6.

Kirk, J. & Sommer, M. (2006). Menstruation and body awareness: Linking girls’ health with girls’ education. Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Special on Gender and Health, pp. 1-22.

Kirk, J. & Sommer, M. (2005). Menstruation and body awareness: Critical issues for girls’ education. Equals: Beyond Access, Gender and Education, Issue 15.  

BOOKS:

Sommer, M. (2012) Utilizing participatory and qualitative methods for effective menstrual hygiene management related policy and planning, pp. 181-202. In Adolescent Girls, Cornerstone of Society: Building Evidence and Policies for Inclusive Societies, Edited by M. Perisic, M. Komarecki, & A. Minujin. New York: UNICEF and the New School.

BOOK CHAPTERS:

Loughnon, L., Mahon, T., Goddard, S., Bain, R. & Sommer, M. (In Press). Menstruation monitoring and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Inga Winkler (Ed). Handbook of Critical Menstrual Studies.

MEDIA:

Sommer, M. (May 26, 2017). 'Why a monthly period is especially hard for millions of women and girls around the world'. The Conversation.

Sommer, M. (August 13, 2015). 'Menstruation is a global health problem and we need to talk about it'The Conversation. 

Sommer, M. (April 16, 2015). 'World Bankers: Please study menstruation costs'. Womens E-News.

Sommer, M. (Mar. 26, 2015). 'Girls, education and sanitation'The Hill. 

Sommer, M. & Caruso, B. (Mar. 11, 2015). 'We need to talk about our periods'. Pacific Standard. 

Sommer, M. (Feb. 10, 2015). 'Girl Things'. Global Post. 

INTERVIEWS:

Sommer, M. (November 2, 2017). 'Mainstreaming menstruation'. WNPR, National Public Radio. 

Sommer, M. (October 10, 2017). 'Why periods are political: The fight for menstrual equity'. National Public Radio.

Sommer, M. (May 30, 2017). 'Menstruation: What Ivanka must teach Donald'. The David Feldman Show.

Sommer, M. (March 4, 2017). 'Menstruation 101 for Boys: A comic book is their guide'. National Public Radio.

Sommer, M. (June 16, 2015). 'People are finally talking about the thing nobody wants to talk about'. National Public Radio. 

Sommer, M. (October 20, 2015). 'Where the girls are (and aren't): #15Girls'. National Public Radio. 

 

Puberty & Adolescence 

ARTICLES:

Ibitoye, M., Kaaya, S., Parker, R., Likindikoki, S., Ngongi, L. & Sommer, M. (2091). The inflence of alcohol outlet density and advertising on youth drinking in urban Tanzania. Health and Place, 58(1).

Sommer, M., Skolnik, A., Ramirez, A., Lee, J., Rasoazanany, H & Ibitoye, M. (2019). Early Adolescence in Madagascar: Girls' Transitions Through Puberty in and out of School. The Journal of Early Adolescence. 

Asghar, K., Mayevskaya, Y., Sommer, M., Razzaque, A., Laird, B., Khan, Y., Qureshi, S., Falb, K. & Stark, L. (2018). Promoting adolescent girls’ well-being in Pakistan: A mixed methods effectiveness and acceptability study of the COMPASS program. Prevention Science, 19(8), 1030-1042.

Ashgar, K., Mayevskaya, Y., Somme, M., Razzaque, A., Laird, B., Khan, Y., Qureshi, S., Falb, K., Stark, L. (2018). Promoting adolescent well-being in Pakistan: A mixed-methods study of change over time, feasibility, and acceptability of the COMPASS program. Prevention Science, 19(8), 1030-1042. 

Bello, B., Fatusi, A., Adepoju, O., Maina, B., Kabiru, C., Sommer, M. & Mmari, K. (2017). Parent and adolescent reactions to puberty in Nigeria and Kenya: A cross-cultural and intergenerational comparison. Journal of Adolescent Health, 61(4), S35-S41.

Blake, S., Boone, M., Yenew Kassa, A., & Sommer, M. (2017). Teaching Girls About Puberty and Menstrual Hygiene Management in Rural Ethiopia: Findings From a Pilot Evaluation. Journal of Adolescent Research, 33(5), 623-646.

Herbert, A. C., Ramirez, A. M., Lee, G., North, S. J., Askari, M. S., West, R. L., & Sommer, M. (2017). Puberty experiences of low-income girls in the United States: A systematic review of qualitative literature from 2000 to 2014. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(4), 363-379.

Ibitoye, M., Choi, C., Tai, H., Lee, G., & Sommer, M. (2017). Early menarche: A systematic review of its effect on sexual and reproductive health in low-and middle-income countries. PloS one, 12(6), e0178884.

Smiles, D., Short S. & Sommer, M. (2017). I Didn't Tell Anyone Because I Was Very Afraid: Girls' experiences of menstruation in contemporary Ethiopia. Women’s Reproductive Health, 4(3), 185-197.

Scandurra, L., Khorn, D., Ashley-Charles, T.^ & Sommer, M. (2016). Cambodian boys’ transitions through puberty: Exploring the influence of masculinity norms on adolescent health. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 7(19), 767-780.

Sommer, M., Ackatia-Armah, N., Connolly, S., & Smiles, D. (2015). A comparison of the menstruation and education experiences of girls in Tanzania, Ghana, Cambodia and Ethiopia. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 45(4), 589-609.

Sommer, M., Likindikoki, S., & Kaaya, S. (2014). Tanzanian adolescent boys’ transitions through puberty: The importance of context. American Journal of Public Health, 104(12), 2290-2297.

Sommer, M., Likindikoki, S., & Kaaya, S. (2013). Parents, sons, and globalization in Tanzania: Implications for adolescent health. Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies, 7(1), 1931-1945.

Sommer, M. Structural factors influencing menstruating school girls’ health and well-being in Tanzania. (2012). Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education.

Sommer, M. (2011). An overlooked priority: Puberty in sub-Saharan Africa. American Journal of Public Health, 101(6), 6-16. 

Sommer, M. (2010). The changing nature of girlhood in Tanzania: Influences from global imagery and globalization. Girlhood Studies, 3(1): 116-136.

Sommer, M. & Mmari, K. (2015). Structural and environmental factors for adolescent sexual and reproductive health: Why are they not being addressed? American Journal of Public Health, 105(10), 1973-1981.  

MEDIA:

Sommer, M. & Herbert, A. (March 6, 2017) 'Low-income girls often feel unprepared for puberty'. The Conversation.

Sommer, M. (June 11, 2015). 'Lessons from Judy Blume: Pubescent lives matter'. Pacific Standard. 

INTERVIEWS:

Sommer, M. (October 1, 2018 ). 'Education, gender and sexual health'. FreshEd Podcast. 

Sommer, M. (September 18, 2018). 'All about menstruation, puberty'The Citizen, Tanzania. 

 

Alcohol, Violence & Sexual Health in Adolescence

ARTICLES:

Sommer, M., Parker, R., Msacky, G., Kajula, L., & Kaaya, S. (2019). How alcohol, space, and time influence young people’s sexual encounters in Tanzania: A qualitative analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 1-11.

Sommer, M., Munoz-Laboy, M., Williams, A., Mayevskaya, Y., Falb, K., Abdella, G., & Stark, L. (2018). How gender norms are reinforced through violence against adolescent girls in two conflict-affected populations. Child Abuse & Neglect, 79, 154-163.

Stark, L., Sommer, M., Davis, K., Asghar, K., Baysa, A., Abdela, G., Tanner, S. & Falb, K. (2017). Disclosure bias for group versus individual reporting of violence amongst conflicted-affected adolescent girls in DRC and Ethiopia. PLoSOne12(4), e0174741.

Sommer, M., Likindikoki, S., & Kaaya, S. (2015). "Bend a fish when the fish is not yet dry": Adolescent boys' perception of sexual risk in Tanzania. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44(3), 583-595. 

Sommer, M., Ferron, S., Cavill, S. & House, S. (2014). Violence, gender and WASH: Spurring action on a complex, under-documented and sensitive topic. Environment and Globalization, 27(1), 105-116.

Sommer, M., Likindikoki, S., & Kaaya, S. (2013). Boys’ and young men’s perspectives on violence in northern Tanzania. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 15(6), 695-709.

 

Menstruation & Sanitation

ARTICLES:

Schmitt, M., Clatworthy, D., Ogello, T., Sommer, M. (2018). Making the Case for a Female-Friendly Toilet. Water, 10(9), 1193. 

Loughnan, L., Bain, R., Rosemary, R., Sommer, M. & Slaymaker, T. (2016). What can existing data on water and sanitation tell us about menstrual hygiene management? Waterlines, 35(3), 1-17.

House, S., Ferron, S., Sommer, M., & Cavill, S. (2014). Violence, gender, and WASH: A practitioners’ toolkit. Making water, sanitation and hygiene safer through improved programming. Humanitarian Exchange Magazine, 60.

Sommer, M., Kjellen, M. & Pensulo, C. (2013). Girls’ and women’s unmet needs for menstrual hygiene management (MHM): The Interactions between MHM and sanitation systems in low-income countries. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 3(3), 283-297.

Sommer, M. (2010). Putting ‘menstrual hygiene management’ into the school water and sanitation agenda. Waterlines, 29(4): 268-278.

Sommer, M. (2010) “Integrating menstrual hygiene management (MHM) into the school water, sanitation and hygiene agenda,” Briefing Paper submitted for presentation at WEDC.

BOOK CHAPTERS:

Sommer, M. & Caruso, B. (2015). Gender, menstrual hygiene management and WASH. In J. Bartram & B. Evans (Ed.) Global WaSH and Health Textbook. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Media:

Sommer, M. 'A Simple Way To Make Toilets Friendlier For Women in Refugee Camps.' (2019). NPR

Sommer, M. 'Why Female-Friendly Toilets Need To Become a Hot News Topic.' (2018). NewsDeeply. 

Sommer, M. ‘World Bankers: Please Study Menstruation Costs.’ (2015). Women’s e-news.

Sommer, M. & Caruso, B. (November 20, 2015). 'Gender equality comes one toilet at a time'. The Conversation

Sommer, M. (December 30, 2015). 'Toilet trouble'. Pacific Standard. 

 

MHM in Emergencies

ARTICLES:

Sommer, M., Schmitt, M., Ogello, T., Mathenge, P., Mark, M., Clatworthy, D., Khandakji, S., Ratnayake, R. (2018). Pilot testing and evaluation of a toolkit for menstrual hygiene management in emergencies in three refugee camps in Northwest Tanzania. Journal for International Humanitarian Action, 3(1), 6. 

Schmitt, M., Sommer, M., Clatworthy, D., Bramucci, G., Wheeler, E., Ratnayake, R. (2017). Understanding the menstrual hygiene management challenges facing displaced girls and women: findings from qualitative assessments in Myanmar and Lebanon. Conflict and Health, 11(1), 19.

Falb, K., Tanner, S., Ward, L., Erksine, D., Noble, E., Assazenew, A., Bakomere, T., Graybill, E., Lowry, C., Mallinga, P., Neiman, A., Poulton, C., Robinette, K. & Sommer, M., Stark, L. (2016). Creating opportunities through mentorship, parental involvement, and safe spaces (COMPASS) program: Multi-country study protocol to protect girls from violence in humanitarian settings. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 231.

Sommer, M., Schmitt, M.,  Clatworthy, D., Bramucci, G., Wheeler, E., Ratnayake, R. (2016). What is the scope for addressing menstrual hygiene management in complex humanitarian emergencies? A global review. Waterlines, 35(3), 245-264.

Sommer, M. (2012). Menstrual hygiene management in humanitarian emergencies: Gaps and recommendations. Waterlines, 31(1-2), 83-104. 

BOOK CHAPTERS:

Sommer, M. (2015). Menstrual hygiene management in humanitarian emergencies: Gaps and recommendations. In R. Carter (Ed.) Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Humanitarian Contexts: Reflections on Current Practice. UK: Practical Action Publishing.

MEDIA:

Sommer, M. 'A Simple Way To Make Toilets Friendlier For Women in Refugee Camps.' (2019). NPR

Schmitt, M. (2019). 'Opinion: There's Nowhere Worse to Have Your Period Than A Refugee Camp.' Buzzfeed News. 

Sommer, M. (2017). 'Why a monthly period is a especially hard for millions of women and girls around the world.' The Conversation.

Sommer, M. (October 20, 2015) 'The Syrian Refugee Struggle No One’s Talking About'. Ms. Magazine

INTERVIEWS:

Sommer, M. (November 22, 2017). 'Menstruation among the displaced'. German NOVA, Deutschlandradio.

 

MHM in Schools

ARTICLES:

Sommer, M., Schmitt, M., Yamakoshi, B., Serrano, M. (2018) WASH in schools empowers girls' education: Proceedings of the 6th annual virtual conference on menstral hygiene managemeent in schools. New York: UNICEF & Columbia University.

Sommer, M., Robles, P., Comey, D., Yamakoshi, B., Burgers, L., Cavill, S. (2017). WASH in schools empowers girls' education: Proceedings of the menstrual hygiene management in schools virtual conference 2016. New York: UNICEF.

Sommer, M., Figueroa, C., Kwauk, C., Jones, M., & Fyles, N. (2017). Attention to menstrual hygiene management in schools: An analysis of education policy documents in low- and middle-income countries. International Journal for Educational Development, 57, 73-82.  

Sommer, M., Sahin, M., Paloubis, L, Truong, M., Sinden, J. (2016). WASH in schools empowers girls' education: Proceedings of the menstrual hygiene management in schools virtual conference 2015. New York: UNICEF.

Sommer, M. & Truong, M. (2016). Innovative communications for menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Schools. New York: UNICEF & Columbia University.

Phillips-Howard, P.A., Caruso, B., Torondel, B., Zulaika, G., Sahin, M. & Sommer, M. (2016). Menstrual hygiene management among adolescent schoolgirls in low-and middle-income countries: research priorities. Global Health Action, 9(1), 33032.

Sommer, M., Vasquez, E., Worthington, N. & Sahin, M. (2014). WASH in schools empowers girls' education: Proceedings of the menstrual hygiene management in schools virtual conference 2013. New York: UNICEF.

Sommer, M., Caruso, B., Sahin, M., Calderon, T., Cavill, S., Mahon, T., Phillips-Howard, PA. (2013). A time for global action: Addressing girls’ menstrual hygiene management needs in schools. PLOS Medicine 13(2): e1001962.

Connolly, S. & Sommer, M. (2013). Cambodian girls’ recommendations for facilitating menstrual hygiene management in school. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 3(4), 612-622.

Sommer, M. & Sahin, M. (2013). Overcoming the taboo: Advancing the global agenda for menstrual hygiene management for schoolgirls. American Journal of Public Health, 103(9), 1556-1559. 

Sommer, M., Vasquez, E., Worthington, N. & Sahin, M. (2013). WASH in schools empowers girls' education: Proceedings of the menstrual hygiene management in schools virtual conference 2012. New York: UNICEF. 

Sommer, M., Sutherland, C., & Wood, S. (2013). Background document for technical consultation on improving menstruation education (ME) and menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in school. Paris, France: UNESCO.

Sommer, M. & Ackatia-Armah, T. (2012). The gendered nature of schooling in Ghana: Hurdles to girls’ menstrual management in school. JENdA, 20, 63-79.

Sommer, M. (2009). Where the education system and women’s bodies collide: The social and health impact of girls’ experiences of menstruation and schooling in Tanzania. Journal of Adolescence, 33(4): 521-529.

Sommer, M. (2009). Ideologies on sexuality, menstruation and risk: Girls' experiences of puberty and schooling in northern Tanzania. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 11(4): 383-398. 

Sommer, M. (2009). “Menstruation and school girls”: Current and future initiatives, Notes and News, International Water and Sanitation Centre.

BOOK CHAPTERS:

Caruso, B. & Sommer, M. (2018). Addressing the needs of women and girls in school. In T. Slaymaker & O. Cumming (Eds.) Achieving Equality in Water and Sanitation Service Delivery. UK: Taylor & Francis.

INTERVIEWS:

Sommer, M. (December 28, 2016 ). 'Does handing out sanitary pads really get girls to stay in school?' National Public Radio. 

 

Other Related Publications

ARTICLES:

Khan, F., Mitchell, C. & Sommer, M. (2018). Honoring the legacy of Jackie Kirk. Journal of Girlhood Studies, 11(2), 1-12.

Sommer, M., Muñoz-Laboy, M., Williams, A., Mayevskaya, Y., Falb, K., Abdella, G., & Stark, L. (2018). How gender norms are reinforced through violence against adolescent girls in two conflict-affected populations. Child Abuse & Neglect, 79, 154-163.

Sommer, M., Munoz-Laboy, M., Wilkinson Salamea, E., Arp, J., Falb, K. L., Rudahindwa, N., & Stark, L. (2018). How narratives of fear shape girls’ participation in community life in two conflict-affected populations. Violence Against Women, 24(5), 565-585.

Sommer, M. (2012). Insights from the classroom. The Journal of Practice Teaching and Learning, 10(3), 6-16.

BOOKS:

Mitchell, C., Sommer, M., Farr, V. (In Press). Activist in the academy, Feminist in the field: In memoriam Jackie Kirk, 2008-2018.  Special Issue, Studies in Social Justice.

Mitchell, C. & Sommer, M. (Eds.) (2017) Participatory Visual Methods in Global Public Health. London: Routledge.

Sommer, M. & Parker, R. (Eds.) (2013) Structural Approaches in Public Health. London: Routledge.

Parker, R. & Sommer, M. (2010). Routledge Handbook of Global Public Health. London: Routledge.

BOOK CHAPTERS:

Parker, R., Garcia, J., Muñoz-Laboy, M., Sommer, M., & Wilson, P. (2015). Sexuality and Public Health. In: Roger Detels, Martin Gulliford, Quarraisha Abdool Karim and Chorh Chuan Tan (Eds.), Oxford Textbook of Public Health, 6th edition.  New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sommer, M. & Caruso, B. (2015). Gender, menstrual hygiene management and WASH. In J. Bartram & B. Evans (Ed.) Global WaSH and Health Textbook. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.