Dr. Patrick Kinney's teaching and research address issues at the intersection of global environmental change, human health, and policy, with an emphasis on the public health impacts of climate change and air pollution. His work in the 1990s on air quality and environmental justice in Northern Manhattan and the South Bronx led to important new insights into the impacts of diesel vehicle emissions on local air quality. Dr. Kinney has carried out numerous studies examining the human health effects of air pollution, including studies of the effects of ozone and/or particulate matter on lung health and on daily mortality in large cities. More recently, he developed a new interdisciplinary research and teaching program at Columbia examining the potential impacts of climate change on human health. Dr. Kinney was the first to show that climate change could worsen urban smog problems in the U.S., with attendent adverse health impacts. He also has projected future health impacts related to heat waves in the NYC metropolitan area. In a new research initiative, Dr. Kinney is working with clinicians at Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital to understand how past and future climate may affect pollen-related allergic airway diseases. In early 2009 the Mailman School established a Program on Climate and Health led by Dr. Kinney. Dr. Kinney earned his doctorate at the Harvard School of Public Health, where he studied the effects of air pollution on lung function in children as part of the Harvard Six Cities Air Pollution and Health Study.
Director, Climate and Health Program
Faculty, Columbia Center for Environmental Health in Northern Manhattan
Member, Academic Committee, Center for Sustainable Urban Development
Chair, Appointments Committee, Earth Institute
Member, Internal Advisory Committee, Columbia Climate Center
Director, Columbia Climate and Health Program
Honors & Awards
Areas of Expertise
Risk Assessment and Communication, Asthma, Pollution--Air/Ground/Water, Climate and Health, Environmental Risk Factors, Global Health, Urban Health
Select Urban Health Activities
New York Climate and Health Project: An integrated modeling system was developed and used to assess potential future health impacts of climate change in the NYC metropolitan region.
NYC Traffic Pollution and Health Study: High school students attending schools near heavily-trafficed roadways were studied to assess the impacts of air pollution on acute respiratory symptoms
Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health: We are studying the health effects of early-life air pollution exposures in children from Northern Manhattan and the South Bronx.
Select Global Activities
Biomass Working Group at Columbia University, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda: Assessing health impacts of indoor combustion of biomass fuels for cooking. Studies completed or ongoing in Kenya, Rwanda, and Ghana.
Urban Planning, Air Quality and Human Health in Developing World Cities, Kenya: Assessing exposures and health effects of outdoor urban air pollution in the Nairobi area, and the influence of alternative development patterns.
Millennium Cities Initiative of the Earth Institute: Monitoring and analysis of air and water quality indicators in seven African cities.
Kinney PL, Schwartz J, Pascal M, Petkova E, Le Tertre A, Medina S and Vautard R. Winter season mortality: will climate warming bring benefits? Environmental Research Letters 10 (2015) 064016.
136. Petkova, E.P., Vink, J.K., Francis, J.D., Horton, R.M., Gasparrini, A., Bader, D.A., Kinney, P.L. Towards More Comprehensive Projections of Urban Heat-Related Mortality: Estimates for New York City under Multiple Population, Adaptation, and Climate Scenarios. Environmental Health Perspectives, June 23, 2016.
Knowlton, K., J. Rosenthal, C. Hogrefe, B. Lynn, S. Gaffin, R. Goldberg, C. Rosenzweig, K. Civerolo, J-Y. Ku, P.L. Kinney. Assessing ozone-related health impacts under a changing climate. Environmental Health Perspectives 112 1557-1563 2004
Knowlton K, Lynn B, Goldberg RA, Rosenzweig C, Hogrefe C, Rosenthal JK, Kinney PL. Projecting heat-related mortality impacts under a changing climate in the New York City region. American Journal of Public Health 97 2028-2034 2007
Hogrefe C. S., B. Lynn, K. Civerolo, J.-Y. Ku, J. Rosenthal, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, S. Gaffin, K. Knowlton, and P.L. Kinney, 2004 Simulating changes in regional air pollution over the eastern United States due to changes in global and regional climate and emissions. J Geophysical Res 109:D22301 2004
Jack DW and Kinney PL Health co-benefits of climate mitigation in urban areas Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2 172-177 2010
Sheffield PE, Knowlton K, Carr JL, and Kinney PL Modeling of regional climate change effects on ground-level ozone and childhood asthma American Journal of Preventive Medicine 41 251-257 2011
Kinney, P.L., OÃƒÆ’Ã‚Â¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚Â¬ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚Â¢Neill, M.S., Bell, M.L., and Schwartz, J. Approaches for estimating effects of climate change on heat-related deaths: challenges and opportunities. Environmental Science and Policy 11 87-96 2008
Sheffield PE, Weinberger KR, Ito K, Matte TD, Mathes RW, Robinson GS, and Kinney PL The association of tree pollen concentration peaks and allergy medication sales in New York City: 2003-2008 ISRN Allergy 2011
Kinney PL, Gatari Gichuru M, Volavka-Close N, Ngo N, Ndiba PK, Law A, Gachanja A, Gaita SM, Chillrud SN and Sclar E Traffic impacts on PM2.5 air quality in Nairobi, Kenya Environmental Science and Policy 14 369-378 2011