Dr. Patrick Kinney's teaching and research address issues at the intersection of global environmental change, human health, and policy, with an emphasis on the public health impacts of climate change and air pollution. His work in the 1990s on air quality and environmental justice in Northern Manhattan and the South Bronx led to important new insights into the impacts of diesel vehicle emissions on local air quality. Dr. Kinney has carried out numerous studies examining the human health effects of air pollution, including studies of the effects of ozone and/or particulate matter on lung health and on daily mortality in large cities. More recently, he developed a new interdisciplinary research and teaching program at Columbia examining the potential impacts of climate change on human health. Dr. Kinney was the first to show that climate change could worsen urban smog problems in the U.S., with attendent adverse health impacts. He also has projected future health impacts related to heat waves in the NYC metropolitan area. In a new research initiative, Dr. Kinney is working with clinicians at Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital to understand how past and future climate may affect pollen-related allergic airway diseases. In early 2009 the Mailman School established a Program on Climate and Health led by Dr. Kinney. Dr. Kinney earned his doctorate at the Harvard School of Public Health, where he studied the effects of air pollution on lung function in children as part of the Harvard Six Cities Air Pollution and Health Study.
Areas of Expertise
Select Urban Health Activities
New York Climate and Health Project: An integrated modeling system was developed and used to assess potential future health impacts of climate change in the NYC metropolitan region.
NYC Traffic Pollution and Health Study: High school students attending schools near heavily-trafficed roadways were studied to assess the impacts of air pollution on acute respiratory symptoms
Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health: We are studying the health effects of early-life air pollution exposures in children from Northern Manhattan and the South Bronx.
Select Global Activities
Biomass Working Group at Columbia University, Ghana;Kenya;Rwanda: Assessing health impacts of indoor combustion of biomass fuels for cooking. Studies completed or ongoing in Kenya, Rwanda, and Ghana.
Urban Planning, Air Quality and Human Health in Developing World Cities, Kenya: Assessing exposures and health effects of outdoor urban air pollution in the Nairobi area, and the influence of alternative development patterns.
Millennium Cities Initiative of the Earth Institute: Monitoring and analysis of air and water quality indicators in seven African cities.
Kinney P, Carr JL, Ostfeld R, Sheffield P New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) 2010
92. Rao S, Chirkov V, Dentener F, Dingenen RV, Pachouri S, Purohit P, Amann M, Heyes C, Kinney P, Kolp P, Klimont Z, Riahi K, Schoepp W Environmental modeling and methods for estimation of the global health impacts of air pollution Environmental Modeling and Assessment 17 613-622 2012
Rao S, Chirkov V, Dentener F, Dingenen RV, Pachouri S, Purohit P, Amann M, Heyes C, Kinney P, Kolp P, Klimont Z, Riahi K, Schoepp W Environmental modeling and methods for estimation of the global health impacts of air pollution Environmental Modeling and Assessments. 17 613-622 2012
Mukhopadhyay R, Sambandam S, Pillarisetti A, Jack D, Mukhopadhyay K, Balakrishnan K, Vaswani M, Bates MN, Kinney PL, Arora N, & Smith, KR Cooking practices, air quality, and the acceptability of advanced cookstoves in Haryana, India: an exploratory study to inform large-scale interventions Global Health Action 5 2012
Marlier ME, DeFries RS, Voulgarakis A, Kinney PL, Randerson JT, Shindell DT, Chen Y, and Faluvegi G El Nino and health risks from landscape fire emissions in Southeast Asia Nature Climate Change 2012
Tong Z, Wang YJ, Patel M, Kinney P, Chrillrud S, Zhang KM Modeling Spatial Variations of Black Carbon Particles in an Urban Highway-Building Environment Environmental Science and Technology 46 312-319 2011
Knowlton, K., J. Rosenthal, C. Hogrefe, B. Lynn, S. Gaffin, R. Goldberg, C. Rosenzweig, K. Civerolo, J-Y. Ku, P.L. Kinney. Assessing ozone-related health impacts under a changing climate. Environmental Health Perspectives 112 1557-1563 2004
Sheffield PE, Knowlton K, Carr JL, and Kinney PL Modeling of regional climate change effects on ground-level ozone and childhood asthma American Journal of Preventive Medicine 41 251-257 2011
Kinney P, Sheffield P, Ostfeld RS, Carr J, Leichenko R and Vancura P Chapter 11 Public Health New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) 2011
Civerolo KL, Hogrefe C, Lynn B, Rosenzweig C, Goldberg R, Rosenthal J, Knowlton K, and Kinney PL. Simulated effects of climate change on summertime nitrogen deposition in the eastern US. Atmospheric Environment 42 2074-2082 2008
Van Vliet, EDS and Kinney, PL. Impacts of roadway emissions on urban particulate matter concentrations in sub-Saharan Africa: new evidence from Nairobi, Kenya. Environmental Research Letters 2 2007
Hogrefe C. S., B. Lynn, K. Civerolo, J.-Y. Ku, J. Rosenthal, C. Rosenzweig, R. Goldberg, S. Gaffin, K. Knowlton, and P.L. Kinney, 2004 Simulating changes in regional air pollution over the eastern United States due to changes in global and regional climate and emissions. J Geophysical Res 109:D22301 2004
76. Hogrefe C, Hao W, Zalewsky EE, Ku J-Y, Lynn B, Rosenzweig C, Shultz MG, Rast S, Newchurch MJ, Wang L, Kinney PL, and Sistla G An analysis of long-term regional-scale ozone simulations over the Northeastern United States: variability and trends Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11 567-582 2011
Kinney PL, Gatari Gichuru M, Volavka-Close N, Ngo N, Ndiba PK, Law A, Gachanja A, Gaita SM, Chillrud SN and Sclar E Traffic impacts on PM2.5 air quality in Nairobi, Kenya Environmental Science and Policy 14 369-378 2011
Knowlton K, Lynn B, Goldberg RA, Rosenzweig C, Hogrefe C, Rosenthal JK, Kinney PL. Projecting heat-related mortality impacts under a changing climate in the New York City region. American Journal of Public Health 97 2028-2034 2007
Ruth M, Donaghy K, and Kirshen P, eds Climate Change and Variability: Impacts and Responses Edward Elgar Cheltenham, UK 2006
Jack DW and Kinney PL Health co-benefits of climate mitigation in urban areas Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2 172-177 2010
Bell, M.L., Goldberg R., Hogrefe, C., Kinney, P.L., Knowlton K., Lynn B., Rosenthal J., Rosenzweig C., and Patz J. Climate change, ambient ozone, and health in 50 U.S. cities. Climatic Change 82 61-76 2007
Sheffield PE, Weinberger KR, Ito K, Matte TD, Mathes RW, Robinson GS, and Kinney PL The association of tree pollen concentration peaks and allergy medication sales in New York City: 2003-2008 ISRN Allergy 2011
Weaver CP, Liang XZ, Adams PJ, Amar P, Caughey M, Chen J, Cohen C, Cooter E, Dawson JP, Gilliam R, Gilliland A, Goldstein AH, Grambsch A, Grano D, Guenther A, Gustafson WI, Harley RA, He S, Hemming B, Hogrefe C, Huang HC, Hunt SW, Jacob DJ, Kinney PL, A preliminary synthesis of modeled climate change impacts on U.S. regional ozone concentrations American Meteor Society 90 1843-1863 2009