Jeffrey Shaman, PHD, focuses on climate, atmospheric science and hydrology, as well as biology, and studies the environmental determinants of infectious disease transmission and infectious disease forecast. For the former, Dr. Shaman investigates how hydrologic variability affects mosquito ecology and mosquito-borne disease transmission, how atmospheric conditions impact the survival, transmission and seasonality of pathogens, and, how meteorology affects human health, in general. For the latter, he is engaged in developing mathematical and statistical systems for generating forecasts of infectious disease outbreaks at a range of time scales. In addition, Dr. Shaman is studying a number of climate phenomena, including Rossby wave dynamics, atmospheric jet waveguides, the coupled South Asian monsoon-ENSO system, extratropical precipitation, and tropical cyclogenesis.
Member, Columbia Center for Environmental Health in Northern Manhattan
Director, Climate and Health Program
Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics, American Museum of Natural History
Areas of Expertise
Select Urban Health Activities
Virome of Manhattan: This is an intensive, active surveillance program for influenza and other respiratory pathogens implemented with the aim of significantly advancing understanding of transmission dynamics, documenting the genetic basis of immune response to respiratory virus infection, bettering now-casting capabilities, and improving respiratory disease model simulation and forecast.
Little E, Campbell SR, Shaman J. Development and Validation of a Climate-Based Ensemble Prediction Model for West Nile Virus Infection Rates in Culex Mosquitoes, Suffolk County, New York. Parasites & Vectors, 9:443, dos:ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â 10.1186/s13071-016-1720-1, 2016
Alexander KA, Sanderson CE, Marathe M, Lewis BL, Rivers CM, Shaman J, Drake JM, Lofgren E, Dato VM, Eisenberg MC, Eubank S. What factors might have led to the emergence of Ebola in West Africa? PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9(6): e0003652, doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003652, 2015.
Yang W, Zhang W, Kargbo D, Yang R, Chen Y, Chen Z, Kamara A, Kargbo B, Kandula S, Karspeck A, Liu C, Shaman J. Transmission network of the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 12 20150536; doi:10.1098/rsif.2015.0536, 2015.
Yang W, Lipsitch M, Shaman J. Inference of seasonal and pandemic influenza transmission dynamics using ÃƒÆ’Ã‚Â¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚Â¬Ãƒâ€¹Ã…â€œbigÃƒÆ’Ã‚Â¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚Â¬ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚Â¢ surveillance data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(9):2723-2728, doi:10.1073/pnas.1415012112, 2015.
Shaman, J. and Lipsitch, M. 2013: The ENSO-Pandemic Influenza Connection: Coincident or Causal? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(Supplement 1): 3689-3691, doi:10.1073/pnas.1107485109.
Shaman, J., Solomon, S., Colwell R. R. and Field, C. B.2013: Fostering Advances in Interdisciplinary Climate Science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(Supplement 1): 3653-3656, doi:10.1073/pnas.1301104110.
Shaman, J., Samelson R. M.and Tziperman, E. 2012: Complex wavenumber Rossby wave ray tracing. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69(7): 2112-2133.
Shaman, J. and Karspeck, A. 2012: Forecasting Seasonal Outbreaks of Influenza. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(50): 20425-20430, doi:10.1073/pnas.1208772109.